What is the attributeerror ‘str’ object has no attribute ‘contains’ error?
This error happens when you try to check whether a sub-string exists in a Python string using the str.contains() method which exists in the pandas library but in in standard python. Use instead the following syntax to check for a sub-string:
if sub_str in a_string: print('Substring found in string') else: print ('Substring not found')
Reproducing the no attribute contains for strings error
You can easily reproduce the attribute error message. Feel fee to try it yourself using your favorite Python development environment: PyCharm, Jupyter, Vs Code, Spyder etc’:
lang_str = 'Python and R are the most popular programming languages for Data Analysis.' sub_str = 'Data' lang_str.contains(sub_string)
This will render the error message:
AttributeError: 'str' object has no attribute 'contains'
Fixing the error
You can easily fix this error using the in operator, which we can use here in order to check whether a string is found in another:
if sub_str in lang_str: print ('Found') else: print('Not found')
Important Note: When we call the in operator, Python actually invokes the magic function __contains__(). So in fact the following snippets are identical:
sub_str in lang_str #and lang_str.__contains__(sub_str)
This is another probable source of confusion.
Using the find method
Other option is to use the str.find() function. This function return the character position in which the sub-string is found:
if lang_str.find(sub_str) > -1: print ('Found') else: print('Not found')
Using str.contains() in pandas
The str accessor is very helpful as it provides a simple way to perform string related operators such as capitalization, splitting and so forth. on Pandas DataFrame columns (Series objects).
Let’s see a very simple example. Note that you will need to import the pandas Data Analysis library if it’s not yet installed in your Python development environment.
# importing the pandas library import pandas as pd # define a pandas Series my_s = pd.Series(['Java', 'Python', 'R', 'Julia', 'Go']) sub_str = 'Python' #check if the Series elements include the sub-string we defined if (my_s.str.contains(sub_str).any()): print ('Substring found in Series') else: print ('Substring NOT found in Series')
This will return the following text message:
Substring found in Series